Recently, I wrote about the first ever photograph created in human history. This photograph’s title was View from the Window at Le Gras and the photographer was the father of photography, Nicéphore Niépce. But it was ablack and white photograph. Many of my readers asked me to also write about the first ever colored photograph in this series about the famous photographs. So, ladies and gentlemen, here is these new article.
For those who have studied physics in their schools or colleges, James Clerk Maxwell is a familiar name. Maxwell was the formulator of the classical electromagnetic theory. But, did you know, this Scottish scientist also made an important contribution is the in field pf photography. Thomas Sutton and James Clerk Maxwell were the persons who created the first true colored photograph.
This iconic photograph is known as the Tartan Ribbons. Maxwell is credited with the discovery that color photographs could be formed using red, green, and blue filters. He requested, Thomas Sutton, inventor of the single-lens reflex camera, to photograph a tartan ribbon three times, every time with a different color filter placed over the lens.
The three images were reversal developed to form three color separation transparencies, and then projected onto a screen with three different projectors, each equipped with the same color filter used to take its image. When brought into focus, the three images formed a full color image. These three photographic plates now reside in a small museum at 14 India Street, Edinburgh, the house where Maxwell was born. In 1861 he presented this first color photograph during a Royal Institution lecture. Maxwell was awarded the Rumford Medal for On the Theory of Colour Vision.
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